How To Reduce Vehicle Pollution?

by SMCIB on Friday, 26 April 2024

How To Reduce Vehicle Pollution?

Air pollution is a pressing concern that each one of us has to act upon immediately. According to a recent report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA), in India, vehicles on the road make up about 12% of the harmful gases we release into the air. If we don't do something soon, this number could double by 2050 because more people are using their own vehicles or transporting goods. This pollution is not just bad for nature; it is also really bad for our health.

To combat this challenge, India needs to take action to reduce vehicle pollution. In this article, we will talk about different things we can do to make our vehicles pollute less and make the air cleaner and safer for everyone. By working together and making smart choices, we can make sure we have a healthier environment to live in.

How To Reduce Vehicle Pollution In India?

To tackle vehicle pollution in India, there are many simple yet effective key steps that you can take –

  1. Choose Eco-Friendly Fuels
    You can start by using fuels that are kinder to the environment. Fuels like CNG emit fewer harmful gases compared to petrol and diesel. Another option is electric vehicles, which do not emit any harmful gases at all.
  2. Get A Pollution Under Control Certificate (PUC)
    As a vehicle owner, it is your duty to obtain a Pollution Under Control (PUC) certificate. This certificate helps you monitor if your vehicle's emissions are within acceptable limits. If not, it is best to get your vehicle checked or consider replacing it.
  3. Keep Your Vehicle Well-Maintained
    Dirt and dust buildup in your vehicle can lead to increased emissions. Regular maintenance ensures that worn-out parts are fixed or replaced, reducing harmful emissions. You should, thus, make it a habit to maintain your vehicle throughout the year to keep it running smoothly and minimise pollution.
  4. Turn Off The Engine When Idle
    Leaving your engine running while waiting at traffic signals wastes fuel and emits harmful gases. Switching off the engine during such idle times conserves fuel and helps the environment. Along with eco-friendly practices like carpooling, turning off the engine at stops like red lights makes a significant difference in saving energy and reducing pollution.
  5. Drive Smartly
    Reduce your vehicle usage whenever possible and opt for carpooling or shared rides to reduce the number of vehicles on the road. Follow your manufacturer's maintenance schedule and use recommended oil to minimise harmful emissions from your vehicle.
  6. Regular Oil Changes
    Oil is crucial for your vehicle's smooth operation and efficient engine function. Regular usage can lead to dust buildup in the engine, potentially causing malfunctions. Changing the oil at recommended intervals ensures your vehicle runs smoothly and reduces pollution by keeping the engine clean and functioning properly.
  7. Keep Tire Pressure In Check
    Ensuring your tires are properly inflated improves fuel efficiency, which means your vehicle burns less fuel and emits fewer pollutants into the air.
  8. Maintain A Steady Speed
    Driving at a consistent speed helps to cut down pollution by enhancing fuel efficiency and reducing harmful emissions. When your vehicle maintains a steady pace, the engine operates more efficiently, burning less fuel and emitting fewer pollutants like carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM). This also minimises wear and tear of your vehicle, resulting in lower emissions in the long run.

Other Significant Ways to reduce Air pollution caused by Vehicles

Here are a few other ways to reduce vehicle-related air pollution –

  • Drive Responsibly
    Avoid sudden acceleration and heavy braking, as these actions can increase fuel consumption and emissions. Instead, you can maintain a steady speed and anticipate traffic to drive more smoothly and efficiently.
  • Optimise Your Routes
    Make use of navigation apps to find the most efficient routes with less traffic and fewer stops, reducing emissions. You could also combine errands into one trip to minimise driving time and distance.
  • Embrace Alternative Transportation
    By supporting public transportation, carpooling, walking, or biking whenever possible, you will be able to decrease the number of vehicles on the road and reduce pollution.
  • Manage Air Conditioning Usage
    Running your air conditioner puts extra strain on your vehicle's engine and increases fuel consumption. Hence, you should use it economically and try to park in shaded areas to minimise the need for cooling, thereby saving fuel and reducing emissions.

To conclude,

Reducing vehicle pollution is crucial for our environment and health. By following simple steps like maintaining your vehicle properly, driving responsibly, and using alternative transportation when possible, we can all make a positive impact. Small changes, such as keeping tires inflated and avoiding unnecessary idling, can add up to significant reductions in pollution. Let's work together to protect our planet and create cleaner air for everyone to breathe.


Here are some simple ways to reduce pollution from vehicles –

  1. Get a Pollution Under Control (PUC) Certificate.
  2. Use alternate fuels whenever possible.
  3. Keep your car well-maintained.
  4. Turn off the engine when you are not using it.
  5. Drive at a steady speed.
  6. Avoid driving during peak traffic hours.

Here are ten easy ways to reduce pollution –

  1. Keep your vehicle in good condition.
  2. Check your tire pressure regularly.
  3. Drive wisely to save fuel.
  4. Combine errands to reduce trips.
  5. Use public transportation when you can.
  6. Pick a car that uses fuel efficiently.
  7. Avoid idling your engine unnecessarily.
  8. Use air conditioning sparingly.
  9. Plan your routes efficiently to minimise driving.
  10. Support policies that promote cleaner transportation options.

Vehicle pollution happens mainly because cars burn fossil fuels. When this happens, harmful stuff goes into the air. Here's what gets released –

  1. Carbon Monoxide (CO) – when fuel does not burn fully.
  2. Hydrocarbons (HC) – these come from fuel that does not burn and evaporates emissions.
  3. Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) – formed when nitrogen and oxygen mix at high heat.
  4. Particulate Matter (PM) – tiny particles of soot and metal bits from the exhaust.
  5. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) – from fuel and car emissions that cause smog.

Here's how to cut down on your car emissions –

  1. Keep your car in good shape with regular check-ups.
  2. Keep your tires filled up right.
  3. Drive smoothly without sudden speeding up or hard braking.
  4. Use good-quality fuel.
  5. Share rides or use public transport.
  6. Think about getting a cleaner car.
  7. Do not let your car idle for too long.
  8. Use air conditioning only when you really need it.

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